Steven Jupurrurla Nelson was born 30 August 1978 in Alice Springs, NT. He is a lifelong resident of Yuendumu, a remote Aboriginal community approximately 300 kilometers north-west of Alice Springs. He was raised by his late mother, Nora Nungarrayi Jurrah, and his stepfather, Frankie Jakamarra Nelson. His father, John Jampijjinpa Brown, was a resident of Papunya. Steven has two siblings from the same mother. His brother, Greg Jupurrurla Wood, lives in Uluru and is a ranger. His sister, Roslyn Napurrurla Gibson, is deceased.
Steven began painting at Warlukurlangu Artists Aboriginal Corporation in late 2014 after working at the art centre for some time. He typically paints â€˜janganpa Jukurrpaâ€™ (brush-tail possum Dreaming) from his motherâ€™s side. His country is located near Nyirrpi, another remote Aboriginal community approximately 170 kilometers west of Yuendumu. His motherâ€™s and grandfatherâ€™s country is also in this area. His motherâ€™s country includes the Nginyirrpalangu outstation. His grandfather, Banjo Patterson, owned country that includes Ngarupalya.