The Norwegian polar vessel Fram (“forward” in Norwegian), was launched
The 400 ton Fram nobly met these requirements in three major polar expeditions:
Nansen’s arctic expedition of 1893-1896 where he proved his theory of a westward
ice flow, and traveled further north than any previous explorer; Otto Sverdrup’s
1898-1902 arctic expedition, surveying 200,000 square kilometers near Ellesmere
Island; and Amundsen’s 1910-1912 antarctic expedition, where, after dropping
off Amundsen for his successful trek to the South Pole, other expedition members
explored the Antarctic ocean, and sailed farther south than anyone had done
before. Thus the Fram became the ship that had sailed the furthest north and
the furthest south, covering a distance of 54,000 nautical miles.
Today, the Fram can be visited in its own museum in Oslo, Norway. Lying in
the corner of the cabin you will see Amundsen’s Islender
sweater, looking as if a good washing would make it like new.
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