Many of the fabrics used by Filson are not available on the general market
and must be loomed to Filson's own specifications. From the pure Mackinaw Wool,
through the Tin Cloth for rugged wear and luggage, to the pure cotton Safari
Cloth for summer weather use, the Filson fabrics are outstanding. Please scroll
down this page to learn more about these fabrics:
and Shelter Cloth
The cotton fabrics used by Filson are distinguished from those generally used
in today's market by the very demanding specifications placed by Filson. The
quality of a cotton fabric of a given type is broadly determined by the length
of the fibers of the cotton used, the tightness to which the thread is spun,
and the closeness of the weave. These factors are all determining factors in
the tensile strength of the fabric. American cotton mills, with modern high-speed
looms and designed to fill a mass market, are unprepared to meet Filson's specifications.
The high-speed looms are not able to produce the very closely woven materials.
Filson has found it necessary to go abroad to find older mills with suitable
looms, mills of a size allowing production runs of material fitting Filson's
needs, to obtain the quality of cottons used in Filson garments. Compare the
closeness of weave in Filson's Tin Cloth, or Shelter Cloth material, to that
of the similar material used in similar garments made for the mass market in
the USA, such as Carhart. The outstanding strength and durability of Filson
garments starts with the outstanding cottons used in their manufacture.
Filson's Safari Cloth is a pure cotton poplin, developed when safaris to Africa
were popular among the wealthy. The cloth was woven tightly enough to give protection
from mosquitoes, and strong enough to handle primitive and rough laundering.
It is still the fabric of choice when mosquitoes or black flies are encountered.
The fabric is woven from two-ply pure cotton yarns in both the weft and warp.
The finished weight is 6 ounces, ideal for moderate summer weather.
Safari Cloth Items
Care of Safari Cloth Garments
Filson's Safari Cloth garments may be professionally dry cleaned which will not cause shrinkage, or machine
washed with a possible 2 - 3% shrinkage. Machine was cold, using non-chlorine bleach if needed, and line dry. May be pressed with a steam iron if desired.
Filson's Feather Cloth is a very light weight (3 oz.) pure cotton broadcloth woven from long-staple one ply yarns. It has a UPF rating of 20 for the Desert Tan, UPF 50 for other colors. As with all cottons the colors can fade with repeated washing, and UPF ratings may decrease.
The fabric makes up into a very confortable hot weather shirt, since it is so light and breathable. The shirt is full cut, ensuring both comfort and maximum breathability. The shirt weights only about 9 oz.
Care of Feather Cloth Shirts
The Feather Cloth shirts may be professionally dry cleaned, which will not cause shrinkage, or machine washed with a possible 2 - 3% shrinkage. Machine wash cold using non-chlorine bleach if needed, and line dry. May be pressed with a steam iron if desired.
List Feather Cloth Items
Filson's moleskin, made from 100% cotton, is woven in England. Moleskin is a
fustian fabric (as is corduroy), woven with a twilled weave to form a thick
dense cloth, and having a cut nap on one side. With the moleskin, the fabric
is brushed to form the nap. The resulting moleskin is very soft and highly wind
More About Moleskin
Care of Filson Moleskin
Machine wash, line dry. Allow for 3 to 5% shrinkage.
If preferred, moleskin garments can be dry cleaned.
Filson's Cover Cloth, imported from Britain, is a tightly woven cotton poplin
with an improved wax treatment that leaves the fabric softer and with less of
an oily feel than the older type waxed cotton. Garments of Cover Cloth are more
comfortable to wear, and last longer, as the fabric has less of a tendency to
form permanent creases which lead to accelerated wear at the edges of the crease.
This 6 ounce fabric provides great water and wind repellency. Filson's Cover
Cloth presents British Waxed Cotton at its finest.
Cover Cloth Items
of Waxed Cotton
Care of Cover Cloth Garments
Lightly brush soiled areas with cool water, wipe
or brush clean. Garments can be reproofed with a spray wax or paste wax compound,
such as the Filson Wax. Do
not launder with soap or detergent, or dry clean.
Tin Cloth and Shelter Cloth
Filson's Tin Cloth, so-called because garments made from it are as waterproof
and wear resistant as if they were made of tin, has long been recognized in
the Northwest as setting the standard for protection and wear resistance. The
material, a 100% cotton duck, is offered in two distinctly different finishes,
an oil finish and a dry finish, and now in both the traditional 12.5 ounce Duck
and the newer lighter weight 8.5 ounce Shelter Cloth, named after military shelter
tents. Shelter cloth is softer than the Tin Cloth, and does not require breaking
in as does the stiffer Tin Cloth material.
The oil finish provides the greatest protection and wear. The cotton duck is
impregnated with a paraffin-based wax, creating a finished 12.5 ounce fabric
that is highly water repellent and wind resistant. The greater wear resistance
of the oil finish is accounted for by the wax reducing internal wear in the
fabric as threads slip against each other. The oil finish Tin Cloth (12.5 ounce)
and Shelter Cloth (8.5 ounce) have not been preshrunk and may shrink with repeated
soaking in the rain. If you intend using your oil finish garment primarily as
wet weather gear, order one size larger than normal to accommodate shrinkage.
If you intend using it under dry conditions for its great durability, your normal
size will be better.
Filson's Rugged Twill Luggage is made from a special 22 ounce 100% cotton twill,
a heavier and stronger version of the legendary oil finish Tin Cloth. It is
durable and breathable, impregnated with wax to make it water resistant and
protect against wear.
Oil Finish Tin Cloth Items
Oil Finish Shelter Cloth Items
Rugged Twill Luggage
Care of Oil Finish Tin Cloth and Shelter Cloth
Filson oil finish Tin Cloth,
Shelter Cloth and Rugged Twill should not be washed or dry-cleaned. Rinse off
with cool water, wipe or brush clean. Filson
Wax may be used to touch up and reproof your oil finish garments, hats and
The dry finish Tin Cloth (11 ounce) and Shelter Cloth (8 ounce) are preshrunk
and treated with a durable, water repellent and stain resistant finish. The
finished fabric is a little lighter weight and much softer than the oil finish.
The dry finish is the more usual selection for casual clothing. Order your normal
size in the dry finish garments.
Dry Finish Tin Cloth Items
Dry Finish Shelter Cloth Items
Care of Dry Finish Tin Cloth and Shelter Cloth
Dry finish Tin Cloth and Shelter
Cloth may be machine washed and dried. The dry finish cloth will shrink a maximum
of 3% with washing. Dry finish garments can be reproofed with Scotchguard
as the water repellency diminishes with repeated washings.
The Filson Mackinaw wool cloths are the finest available for durability and
appearance. The Mackinaw wools are loomed to Filson's own specifications, using
only 100% pure virgin wool from hardy sheep with thick sturdy fibers.
The woven fabric is fulled (worked in hot water) to form a firm,
dense felted fabric. During the fulling, the fibers of the wool are caused to
move together and interlock, thus increasing the strength and density of the
fabric. This fulling reduces the width of the cloth from 84 inches (when woven)
to 60 inches (after fulling). The resulting fabric is more resistant to wind
and rain, and is used primarily in outer garments for winter use. The Filson
Mackinaw wool garments provide outstanding protection from the weather -- the
wool will absorb 30% of its weight in moisture without becoming damp or clammy,
and will retain body heat even if you become thoroughly soaked.
The Filson Mackinaw wool comes in four weights of cloth. The lightest,
a 21-ounce cloth, is used in the Wool
Cape Jacket. The medium weight, a 24 ounce cloth, is used in the Mackinaw Field Pants
and in the Double Mackinaw Cruisers,
where the double layering creates an effective weight of 48 ounces. The heavy
weight Mackinaw wool, a 26 ounce cloth, is used in the Mackinaw
Vest and the Mackinaw Cruisers.
The heaviest weight, a 35 ounce cloth, is used in the Wool
Blanket and Lap Robe.
the Warmth of Wool
Mackinaw Wool Items
Care of Mackinaw Wool
Mackinaw wool garments, hats and blankets should be
dry cleaned only.
For more information ...
Please follow the links below for more information about Filson and Filson products.
The Filson Company